Why is 3d Echo done ?

This test helps:

  • To detect abnormal heart valves i.e. the atria and the ventricles which are concerned with the distribution of blood
  • To detect abnormal heart rhythms like tachycardia - the rapid increase in the beating of the heart and brachycardia - rapid decrease in the beating of the heart
  • To check for any congenital heart disease
  • To observe the impact on the heart after a heart attack
  • To look for inflammation of the heart also known as pericarditis or for any fluid that might have gathered in the sac around the heart

Why is 3d Echo ?

During a standard echo, the sound waves are directed to the heart from a small hand-held device called a transducer, which sends and receives signals. Heart walls and valves reflect part of the sound waves back to the transducer to produce pictures of the heart. These images appear in black and white and in color on a TV screen. They're selectively recorded on videotape & special paper and reviewed & interpreted by a cardiologist (heart specialist). From the pictures it is possible to measure the size of each part of your heart, to study motion and appearance of the valves and the function of the heart muscle. 2D is "flat"using the horizontal and vertical (X and Y) dimensions, the image has only two dimensions and if turned to the side becomes a line. 3D adds the depth (Z) dimension. This third dimension allows for rotation and visualization from multiple perspectives.3DE provides realistic anatomic images in the beating heart which are easily recognizable and interpreted by the surgeon, interventional cardiologist, paediatric cardiologist, anatomist, etc. The additional dimension (depth) that is inherent to 3D acquisitions allows data set navigation and cropping to obtain "en face" views of cardiac structure of interest that were not available with tomographic imaging modalities (2D echo, cardiac magnetic resonance, computerized tomography)