It is a simple and effective way of checking cells from your cervix to see if they are normal or abnormal. Some abnormal cells can develop into cancer. The HPV test is used to look for human papillomavirus (HPV) in the cells from your cervix. HPV is the cause of cervical cancer.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection that is passed between people through skin-to-skin contact. There are more than 100 varieties of HPV, 40 of which are passed through sexual contact and can affect your genitals, mouth or throat. The human papillomavirus (HPV) test detects the presence of human papillomavirus, a virus that can lead to the development of genital warts, abnormal cervical cells or cervical cancer. A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells on the cervix. During the routine procedure, cells from your cervix are gently scraped away and then examined for abnormal growth. Women 21 to 29 should have just a Pap test every three years. Regular Pap tests help to identify abnormal cells in women. These can signal cervical cancer or other HPV-related problems. Women ages 30 to 65 should then be screened every five years with Pap and HPV tests at the same time. If you’re younger than the age of 30, your doctor or gynaecologist may also request an HPV test if your Pap smear results are abnormal.