Diabetes is a complex disease that occurs when your blood glucose level is too high. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas helps glucose from food get into your cells for it to be utilized to generate energy. If the body is not producing enough insulin or if the cells of the body are not utilizing the insulin properly (insulin resistance), sugar builds up in the blood leading to Diabetes.
Elevated level of glucose in the blood for a long time can lead to heart disease, stroke and multiple other health conditions including damage of eyes, kidney, nerves and even the need to amputate a limb.
Although diabetes is a chronic, lifelong condition and in most instances has no cure, you can take steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy
|Family History of Diabetes||You are more prone to Diabetes if either of your parents or a sibling has a history of Diabetes.|
|Obesity||It has been observed that people with heart issues tend to be at higher risk of developing Diabetes.|
|Physical Inactivity||Lesser your physical activity, greater is your risk of Diabetes.|
|Age||Risk increases as you age.|
|Not breastfeeding||Having dense breasts|
|Previous finding of Impaired Glucose Tolerance||Persistently higher than normal levels of Blood Glucose increase your risk of getting Diabetes in future.|
Type 1 Diabetes is sometimes routinely called as insulin dependent Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 Diabetes is an auto immune condition. This means that the body attacks the insulin producing cells (Beta cells of pancreas) by producing antibodies against it. This results in decrease in the production of insulin. There can also be a genetic predisposition to the type 1 diabetes. Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes usually involves taking insulin through subcutaneous injections.
Type 2 Diabetes This is by far the most common type of Diabetes in adults, accounting for almost 90% of all Diabetic cases. This type of Diabetes is usually characterized by insulin resistance in the body. For reasons mostly not yet fully understood, the body fails to utilize the insulin leading to build up of the glucose in the blood. Type 2 Diabetes used to be known as adult onset diabetes in the yester years. But with more and more kids and teenagers becoming obese and overweight this is no longer seen just in adults. Patients with Type 2 Diabetes are usually advised life style modification, exercise and medications to lower the insulin resistance. In uncontrolled cases, insulin is also advised in Type 2 Diabetes
Pre-Diabetes increases your risk of Diabetes in future. This condition marked by elevated sugar levels that are generally considered high for it to be considered normal, but not high enough as seen in diabetes diagnosis. This is a potentially reversible condition if proper lifestyle modification is done.
Complications related to Diabetes develop gradually over a period of time. The more number of years of Diabetes you have and the less controlled your blood sugars are, the higher is your risk of complications with Diabetes.
Heart Diseases:: Diabetes increases your risk of cardio vascular diseases like Coronary Artery Disease, Angina, heart attack, narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis) and even Brain stroke.
Nerve Damage (Diabetic Neuropathy):: Uncontrolled Diabetes for longer durations lead to damage of the nerves especially in the legs. This often leads to symptoms like numbness, tingling, decreased sensations. This can eventually lead to ulcers in the foot which may require amputation.
Eye Damage (Diabetic Retinopathy):: Diabetes damage the blood vessels of the retina. This often leads to blindness.
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